Задать вопрос
29.12.2023 - 04:19

What is the difference between gerund and infinitive? How are they formed? Give some examples of sentences with both forms.

Ответы (1)
  • oleg
    29 декабря, 2023 в 06:19

    Gerunds and infinitives are both verb forms that can function as nouns in a sentence. However, they have different forms and are used in different ways.

    A gerund is formed by adding -ing to the base form of a verb. It functions as a noun and can be used as a subject, object, or complement in a sentence.

    Examples of sentences with gerunds:
    - Swimming is my favorite sport. (subject)
    - I enjoy reading books. (object)
    - Her hobby is painting. (complement)

    An infinitive is the base form of a verb preceded by the word "to." It can also function as a noun and can be used as a subject, object, or complement in a sentence. Examples of sentences with infinitives:
    - To swim is my favorite sport. (subject)
    - I like to read books. (object)
    - Her hobby is to paint. (complement)

    It's important to note that some verbs can be followed by either a gerund or an infinitive, but the meaning of the sentence may change. For example:
    - I stopped smoking. (gerund
    - I quit the habit of smoking)
    - I stopped to smoke. (infinitive - I paused in order to smoke)

    In general, gerunds are used to talk about actions or activities, while infinitives are used to express purpose or intention.

Знаешь ответ?

Оставить комментарий

Не уверен в ответе?
Найди верный ответ на вопрос ✅ What is the difference between gerund and infinitive? How are they formed? Give some examples of sentences with both forms. по предмету 📙 Английский язык, а если ответа нет или никто не дал верного ответа, то воспользуйся поиском и попробуй найти ответ среди похожих вопросов.
Искать другие ответы
Авторизация
*
*
Регистрация
*
*
*
*
Генерация пароля